Nursing Requirements in Ethics


nursing requirements

Nurses, as providers of human services, participate in providing comprehensive health care. They often function as members of health care teams. As team members and professionals, they are accountable for their actions.

It is difficult to define ethics. Essentially, ethics are the guidelines used to judge whether an act is right or wrong. The American Nurses Association Code for Nurses, first published in 1950, was revised in 1985 and again in 2001 by the ANA. It includes the following nine provisions, which influence decisions made by nurses that affect the quality of patient care and, ultimately, the nursing profession:

Nursing Requirements 1. The Nurse, in all professional relationships, practices with compassion and respect for the inherent dignity, worth, and uniqueness of every individual, unrestricted by considerations of social or economic status, personal attributes, or the nature of health problems.

Nursing Requirements 2. The nurse’s primary commitment is to the patient, whether an individual, family, group, or community.

Nursing Requirements 3. The nurse promotes, advocates for, and strives to protect the health, safety, and rights of the patient.

Nursing Requirements 4. The nurse is responsible and accountable for individual nursing practice and determines the appropriate delegation of tasks consistent with the nurse’s obligation to provide optimum patient care.

Nursing Requirements 5. The nurse owes the sameĀ  duties to self as to others, including the responsibility to preserve integrity and safety, to maintain competence, and to continue personal and professional growth.

Nursing Requirements 6. The nurse participates in establishing, maintaining, and improving health care environments and conditions of employment conducive to the provision of quality health care and consistent with the values of the profession through individual and collective action.

Nursing Requirements 7. The nurse participates in the advancement of the profession through contributions to practice, education, administration, and knowledge development.

Nursing Requirements 8. The nurse collaborates with other health professionals and the public in promoting community, national, and international efforts to meet health needs.

Nursing Requirements 9. The profession of nursing, as represented by associations and their members, is responsible for articulating nursing values, for maintaining the integrity of the profession and its practice, and for shaping social policy.

Nurses must act on their own ethical convictions; however, in accordance with the code, they perform as a part of the total occupational group of nursing.

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The Expanding Role of Nurses


With the increase in the number of nurses earning master’s and doctorate degrees, the area of nursing research is growing rapidly. Some hospitals have created a separate department staffed by nurse researchers.

nursing requirements

Their nursing requirements are to design and carry out studies that will improve patient care and encourage optimal health status.

For example, one large metropolitan hospital has nurses working together with doctors doing the same treatments for patients suffering from heart failure. One nurse researcher discovered that an ice ring around a patient’s head during drug therapy for cancer sometimes prevents the patient’s hair from falling out.

The opportunities for an individual choosing a career in nursing are more diverse and exciting than ever before.

The nursing requirements continue to evolve to meet the needs of our modern society.

A dynamic, independent individual is needed to respond to escalating scientific discoveries and technological advancements in the health care arena.

Both extensive and intensive health promotion and disease prevention are nursing requirements to counteract the effects of rapid changes and excessive stress on the individual alone in groups in our society.

Well-educated nurses are needed to function in this capacity.

How does nursing translate modern nursing knowledge and skills into practice to meet the nursing requirements of society? Looking toward the future, the skills nursing requirements will definitely change with the need of the patient population. Nurses must possess the skills to manage care for an increasingly diverse population. Nursing requirements will need to expand to accommodate and incorporate advances in technology.

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Changing Lifestyle

nursing requirements

The current fast-paced, highly stressful style of American life is another area that points to more comprehensive nursing requirements.

In his book Future Shock, Alvin Toffler has written about the hectic pace that Americans maintain. He talks about the changes that affect an individual’s style of life and the mind-boggling pace of technological and scientific advancements.

Experts and researchers are discovering that such change and stress result in tremendous physical and emotional wear and tear on individuals and their relationships. The stress on relationships is one factor experts have linked with the high divorce rate of recent years. In 1990 there was a 1 percent decrease in the number of marriages and a 7 percent increase in the number of divorces in the United States. It has been estimated that currently one out of every three marriages will end up in divorce, whereas the ratio was one out of every four just a decade ago.

Nursing requirements now are to work with business and industry to monitor employee stress and to detect evidence of early physical or emotional breakdown.

There are also nursing requirements for teaching workers about the effects of overwork, anxiety, and tension.

nursing requirements

In addition, literature on nursing requirements show that nurses, too, experience high levels of occupational distress.

Researchers attribute this to work stress as well as to environmental factors such as nursing requirements for sicker patients, problem patients, and inadequate equipment, to internal tensions experienced by nurses.

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Changing Population

Another social factor that has demanded broader nursing requirements is that of demographic changes in the population.

nursing requirements

The estimated population in the United States in 1994 was approximately 260 million, up from the 1985 population of 236 million. The U.S. Census Bureau predicts that by the year 2025, more than 20 percent of the population will be over the age of sixty-five. This population consists of the baby boomer generation that will become senior citizens. By the year 2050, 5 percent of all Americans will be older than age eighty-five. Although this represents a marked slowing in the overall increase of the population, of greater significance is the continuing increase in the life expectancy figure and the increase in the number of persons over the age of sixty-five. In 1900 there were little more than three million persons over sixty-five; by 1980 there were more than twenty million elderly. This essentially means that one out of every ten Americans is over sixty-five. The eighty-five and older group is considered the one most rapidly rising – by the year 2000 there were more than 100,000 Americans over the age of one hundred. It has been projected that within a generation, more than 50 percent of the population will be over age fifty.

With the number of elderly increasing so rapidly, nursing requirements has been charged with providing quality care to more elderly and with helping them to arrive at that stage of life in the best possible mental and physical health.

Nurses have been prepared to meet such a challenge thru nursing requirements.

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Changing Technology

A number of social influences have resulted in the expanded and more independent nursing requirements.

These nursing requirements are in part a result of the rapid advancements in technology and scientific discoveries, such as the advent of computerized patient record systems that handle such things as laboratory data and x-ray results. Equipment used for diagnosing and treating disease is now much more sophisticated, complex, and sometimes more frightening to the patient than in the past.

nursing requirements

As a result of such advancements and changes in the way we pay for health care, patients today undergo more extensive treatment periods, and their needs – physical and emotional – are often greater.

Likewise, patients who enter the hospital are much sicker than ever and when nursed at home, have more complicated treatment and nursing requirements, such as receiving intravenous medications.

Therefore, more nurses than ever before are needed to provide knowledgeable judgment to determine the nature of patient care.

The health care consumer of the 1920s spent little time learning how to remain healthy and prevent disease. In contrast, the current focus is more on the promotion of health and the prevention of disease. As a result, patients, as educated consumers of health care, are demanding more than treatment for disease, and each time they enter the health care scene, total care is much broader and more complex. In health care reform proposals, nurses will be providing much more of the primary care, especially when it emphasizes prevention of illness, health promotion and diagnosis, and treatment of common health problems.

In these nursing requirements the nurse will need to collaborate with other health care professionals as well as clients and patients.

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Economic Nursing Requirements

Today, Before a person is legally qualified to practice and be called a nurse, formal education are nursing requirements.

The educational route a student takes depends upon his or her goals, career objectives, and scholastic ability.

The initial financial nursing requirements for education may vary greatly, according to the route taken.

The variation is from little or no tuition at a school for practical nursing to an expensive baccalaureate degree program within a private college or university setting.

nursing requirements

There are currently three avenues of nursing preparation: hospital schools of nursing, whose graduates are eligible for the registered nurse examination; schools offering the associate degree; and schools for practical nursing, whose graduates are eligible for the licensed practical nurse of licensed vocational nurse examination. Graduates who have earned baccalaureate degrees are eligible to take the R.N. licensure examination after completion of their nursing requirements program.

Other financial nursing requirements to consider are room and board or living expenses, uniforms, books, various laboratory and student activity fees, and transportation costs to and from classroom and clinical laboratory settings.

Although the preparation routes may differ, there are some common traits among them that represents changes in nursing education policy over the past ten or more years. For example, many schools offer dormitory-style living facilities, many mixed with students from other disciplines such as liberal arts or dental hygiene. However, most students are also given the option of living off campus or commuting.

Financial assistance is available from loans, grants, and scholarships to fill these nursing requirements.

 

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Intellectual Nursing Requirements

Because of the increase in nursing school applications and reductions in admission, some schools have become more selective with more intellectual nursing requirements.

nursing requirements

Most schools admit students according to their prior academic record and recommendations from teachers and instructors concerning their future academic potential. Therefore it is advisable for students who are interested in a nursing career to make academic performance in high school a priority.

nursing requirements

Schools of nursing within a college or university set up nursing requirements or admission criteria consistent with the rest of the institution.

There are minimum nursing requirements scores on the Scholastic Aptitude Test on most baccalaureate programs.

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Emotional Nursing Requirements

The major emotional nursing requirements for success are desire and ability to deal with people.

Nursing is truly a people-oriented profession, and many of its skills are based on interpersonal techniques. Therefore, the individual who finds people uninteresting or prefers to be alone should not consider nursing.

nursing requirements

Another of the emotional nursing requirements that is helpful is empathy.

Empathy is the ability to respond to another person with a feeling of knowing what he or she is experiencing. Skilled nurses communicate an appropriate amount of sadness to family members, then assist them during the mourning period.

These nursing requirements does not imply that nurses should be so grief-stricken over a patient’s death that they are ineffective in dealing with the surviving family.

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Physical Nursing Requirements

Good physical and mental health are key nursing requirements.

The U.S. Bureau of Health Professions, Division of Nursing, states that the nursing workforce is aging. The average age of graduates from nursing programs is thirty-two. The average age of practicing registered nurses is forty-four.

The degree of physical stamina nursing requirements may vary depending on the specialty area.

nursing requirements

However, most nursing positions, with the exception of psychiatric nursing, assisting patients in activities of daily living, which may include lifting and turning heavy patients are necessary nursing requirements. The individual who finds utilizing physical strength over a period of time a problem would probably prefer an outpatient well-baby clinic.

Those with very minor physical limitations might find nursing to be a suitable career.

However, individuals who require major appliances for mobility, such as wheelchairs or long leg braces, might not be as able to meet the physical nursing requirements.

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